Stellt die Friedensfragen!


Erstellt am 21.08.2003 von Andreas Hermann Landl
Dieser Artikel wurde mal gelesen und am 15.02.2009 zuletzt geändert.

Ein Bulletin von moveon

und Eine UN-Info zum jüngsten Friedensabkommen in ENGLISH


There has been a delay in getting the responses of the International Criminal Court’s Chief Prosecutor, Mr. Luis Moreno-Ocampo, to the interview questions you posed. We’ll send his complete responses as soon as we receive them.

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With so much crucial work to be done for 2004, we’ve decided to shift the content and frequency of the MoveOn Bulletin. Instead of covering every major domestic and international issue, we’ll focus in on issues relevant to our campaigns. We’ll use the Bulletin to set the context of those campaigns. That means you’ll receive the Bulletin less often, but it will be more focused and relevant for your informed participation. Thanks for your continued help with these important issues.

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1. Introduction <#1>
2. One Link <#2>
3. History of Liberia <#3>
4. Human Rights <#4>
5. Taylor Steps Down <#5>
6. Intervention and Peacekeeping <#6>
7. Hot Off the Press <#7>
8. Credits <#8>
9. About the Bulletin <#9>

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This bulletin’s focus is the historical context necessary to understand the dangerous situation in Liberia. Unrestrained fighting between government and rebel forces created a grave humanitarian crisis. In the capital of Monrovia, people are unable to access food, civilians are recruited to fight against their will, and the collateral damage (war-speak for murdered civilians) is in the hundreds of thousands.

The conflict in Liberia does not lend itself to simple moral judgment. Surely we would hope for an end to the military conflict and a start to peaceful self-determination, but neither the government nor the rebels are certain to bring this about. While both speak of democracy, their atrocious abuse of human rights tells observers their ambition is power and political control.

While the fighting has subsided, peace remains far away.

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This Q on peacekeeping intervention from the BBC explains why there’s fighting in Liberia and describes the regional context of the crisis.

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The Guardian presents an excellent presentation of Liberian history. Requires free Macromedia Flash Player.,5860,988886,00.html

Black Entertainment Television has a more detailed timeline.,,p389gb6914-7717,00.html

The Village Voice describes the relationship between the U.S. and Liberia, which was founded by freed African-American slaves. This article also asks whether President George W. Bush’s involvement may be intended to court African-American voters in 2004.

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A Human Rights Watch publication on abuses by the Liberian government and the rebel group Liberians United for Reconciliation and Democracy (LURD). Testimonies describe summary killings, torture and abuse of civilians, rape, and abduction into forced labor and fighting. This report recommends continuing the UN Security Council’s arms embargo on both government and rebel forces.

MSNBC on the use of child soldiers in the conflict between the government and the rebels. The article estimates that 50 to 60% of the soldiers „are under 18.

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Last Monday, President Charles Taylor resigned as president under pressure from rebels, the United States, and neighboring countries. He fled to Nigeria, where he was promised protection. Taylor’s vice president, Moses Blah, will act as interim president until October.

This past June, Taylor was indicted as a war criminal by the Special Court for Sierra Leone, a precursor to the International Criminal Court. Here, Human Rights Watch argues Nigeria must turn him over for trial in cooperation with international law.

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The international peacekeeping force intervening in Liberia is composed primarily of troops from the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS). PBS’s Online NewsHour describes the creation, accomplishments, and mission of ECOWAS.

Mother Jones has an excellent summary of arguments for and against U.S. intervention. These arguments were made before President Taylor resigned, but they confront interesting questions about whether it’s desirable for the U.S. to play the role of world policeman.

Related to its objections to the International Criminal Court, the United States insisted on immunity for peacekeepers entering Liberia.

On Thursday, 200 U.S. Marines joined ECOWAS peacekeepers to secure Monrovia. Rebel forces withdrew from the capital, allowing the delivery of food and other humanitarian aid to begin.

The Los Angeles Times yesterday reported that in July the Pentagon quashed a report by its own specialists calling for urgent action in Liberia. Defense officials have said the move was „definitely strange“ and „inconsistent with our operational procedures.“ Last week’s intervention comes five weeks after the report.,1,3823806.story

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Today, a peace deal was signed between the government and the two rebel groups. The deal, negotiated by ECOWAS, will set up a transitional government in October with elections to follow in two years. Transitional leaders will be announced as soon as Tuesday.

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Research team:
Leah Appet, Lita Epstein, Kate Kressmann-Kehoe, and Sarah Parady.

Editing team:
David Taub Bancroft, Melinda Coyle, Nancy Evans, Eileen Gillan, Alfred Karl Weber, and Rita Weinstein.

18 August 2003


The following statement was issued today by the Spokesman for Secretary-General Kofi Annan:

The Secretary-General welcomes the signing today in Accra of a comprehensive peace agreement for Liberia. The Secretary-General thanks the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS), his Special Representative for West Africa, and the United States Government for assisting the Liberian parties in reaching this agreement. He calls on all concerned to seize this opportunity to work together to restore peace and stability in the country. He further calls upon the international community to support the parties in that endeavour. The United Nations is presently making every effort to assist with the overwhelming humanitarian needs of the country, and to plan for a peacekeeping operation to take over from the multinational force authorized under Security Council resolution 1497 (2003).


Posted in Friedensbewegung

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